Artifact dating terminology Free of any reg memberships or sign up sex chat
Given the current status of direct chronometric dating methods for Arabian petroglyphs, it is rare that the precise age of a rock art panel can be determined.
However, all is not lost, and it is possible to establish a temporal sequence that can be quite edifying.
Another way that precise dating can be achieved is if the artist records the actual date of his or her creation, the name of a leader of known reign, or a distinctive historical event, like the inscription shown in the previous chapter about King Yousif Assar Yathar’s invasion of the Najran region in 518 CE.
Then, however, it must be clear that the artist is referring to his or her own time, and not providing historical commentary.
In archaeological terminology, there are two categories of dating methods: absolute and relative.
Absolute dating utilizes one or more of a variety of chronometric techniques to produce a computed numerical age, typically with a standard error.
Clues to relative dating include: the manufacturing technique used; the patina covering the art; the layering of figures on top of each other; the style of human forms; and the particular animal species, types of artifacts and subject matter shown.
For some 20,000 years, during the Late Pleistocene epoch (Ice Age), the Arabian Peninsula was overall very arid, as it is today.
Relative dating, although somewhat less satisfying than absolute dating in terms of precision, is considerably more successful for petroglyphs.The relatively high frequency of hunting scenes in contrast to pastoral ones could also reflect the greater risk invested in hunting forays, and therefore perhaps more accompanying rituals.Wild species targeted as prey by Neolithic hunters included: the aurochs (now extinct large-horned wild cattle), onager, ibex, bezoar goat, oryx, addax, and gazelle.On rare occasion, archaeological deposits can accumulate up against a petroglyph panel, concealing part or all of the art.
In that case, it may be possible to discern a minimum age for the art because its creation had to precede the archaeological deposit covering it.
By scratching through the varnish and revealing the lighter colored underlying rock, it was possible to create bold images.